Customizing Your Mechanical Keyboard: Tips and Tricks

Are you tired of the same old boring keyboard? Do you want to personalize your keyboard to suit your taste and preferences? Look no further because in this article, we will be sharing some tips and tricks on how to Customizing Your Mechanical Keyboard.

Firstly, let’s talk about the different components of a mechanical keyboard. A mechanical keyboard consists of keycaps, switches, and a PCB (printed circuit board). These components can be customized individually to create a unique keyboard that reflects your personality.

What is a Mechanical Keyboard?

Customizing Your Mechanical Keyboard: Tips and Tricks

A mechanical keyboard is a type of keyboard that uses individual mechanical switches for each key instead of the rubber dome or membrane used in traditional keyboards.

These switches are typically made up of a spring and a stem that moves up and down when the key is pressed, creating a tactile feedback and a distinctive clicking sound. The spring allows the key to reset quickly, which can make typing feel more responsive and comfortable.

Mechanical keyboards are often preferred by gamers, programmers, and other professionals who spend a lot of time typing because they can provide a more satisfying and accurate typing experience. They also tend to be more durable and longer-lasting than traditional keyboards.

There are several types of mechanical switches available, each with a different feel and sound. Some switches are designed to be more tactile and clicky, while others are more quiet and linear. It’s important to choose a switch that feels comfortable and suits your typing style.

Overall, mechanical keyboards are a popular choice for those who value the feel, sound, and durability of their keyboard, and are willing to invest in a higher quality typing experience.

Benefits of Customizing Your Mechanical Keyboard

Now, when we talk about customizing your mechanical keyboard, we mean making changes to the keyboard beyond just the keycaps or color of the backlighting. Customizing can include things like changing the switches, adding foam to dampen the sound, or even building your own keyboard from scratch.

So, what are the benefits of customizing your mechanical keyboard?

  1. Improved Comfort: When you customize your keyboard, you can tailor it to your specific needs and preferences. For example, you can choose switches with a certain level of resistance or a particular sound profile that suits you best. This can help reduce fatigue and strain on your fingers and wrists, making typing more comfortable and enjoyable.
  2. Better Performance: Customizing your keyboard can also improve your typing speed and accuracy. By choosing switches that have a specific actuation force or travel distance, you can find a keyboard that matches your typing style and allows you to type more quickly and accurately.
  3. Increased Productivity: With a keyboard customized to your liking, you may find that you’re able to work more efficiently and effectively. The tactile feel and satisfying click of a mechanical keyboard can also help you feel more engaged and focused on your work.
  4. Personalization: Finally, customizing your keyboard is a fun way to express your personality and make your workspace feel more like your own. Whether it’s adding a custom keycap set with your favorite color scheme or building a keyboard from scratch with unique materials, the possibilities are endless.

In summary, customizing your mechanical keyboard can improve comfort, performance, productivity, and personalization. It’s a great way to tailor your workspace to your specific needs and preferences, and it can be a fun and rewarding hobby as well.

Choosing Your Mechanical Keyboard

Different types of switches

Mechanical keyboards are designed with individual mechanical switches for each key, as opposed to the rubber dome switches found on most traditional keyboards. These mechanical switches are often preferred by gamers and typists for their tactile feedback, durability, and accuracy.

There are three main types of mechanical switches: linear, tactile, and clicky.

  • Linear switches have a smooth and consistent keystroke from top to bottom with no tactile feedback or audible sound. They are often preferred by gamers because they allow for quick and effortless key presses.
  • Tactile switches provide a tactile bump or “click” feedback when a key is pressed, letting the user know that the key has been registered. These switches are popular with typists because they provide a satisfying feedback and make it easier to avoid mistakes.
  • Clicky switches are similar to tactile switches, but they also produce an audible clicking sound when the key is pressed. This makes them particularly popular with users who like the satisfying sound of a keyboard as they type.

Overall, the type of switch you choose for your mechanical keyboard will depend on your personal preference and intended use. Some people prefer the smooth and consistent feel of linear switches, while others prefer the tactile feedback of tactile switches or the satisfying sound of clicky switches.

Here are some popular switch brands:

  1. Cherry MX: Cherry MX switches are widely considered the gold standard of mechanical keyboard switches. They have a distinctive feel and sound, and come in a variety of colors (such as red, blue, and brown) that offer different levels of tactile feedback and actuation force.
  2. Gateron: Gateron switches are similar to Cherry MX switches, but often come at a lower price point. They’re known for being smooth and buttery to type on, with a slightly different feel compared to Cherry switches.
  3. Kailh: Kailh switches are another popular switch brand that offer a variety of colors and types (such as clicky, tactile, and linear). They’re often used as a more affordable alternative to Cherry MX switches.
  4. Topre: Topre switches are a bit different from other mechanical switches, as they use a combination of a rubber dome and a spring to create a unique feel. They’re known for being extremely smooth and tactile, with a high price tag to match.
  5. Outemu: Outemu switches are a budget-friendly option that offer good value for the price. They come in a variety of colors and types (such as clicky and tactile) and are generally considered a good option for beginners.
  6. Akko: Akko is a brand that offers a variety of mechanical keyboards with different switch options. They’re known for their unique designs and customization options, and offer both high-end and budget-friendly options.
  7. Drop: Drop (formerly known as Massdrop) is a community-driven brand that offers a variety of mechanical keyboard products, including keyboards with different switch options. They often partner with other brands to create unique products, and are known for their high-quality offerings.
  8. ZealPC: ZealPC is a boutique brand that offers high-end mechanical keyboard switches and other keyboard-related products. They’re known for their attention to detail and quality, and are a popular choice among keyboard enthusiasts.

So, those are some of the different switch brands that you might find on a mechanical keyboard. Each switch brand has its own unique feel and sound, so it’s worth trying out a few different switches to see which one you prefer.

Each switch brand has its own unique characteristics such as the amount of force required to press a key, the sound it makes when you press a key, and its overall durability. It’s important to choose a switch brand that fits your personal preferences and needs.

So, when choosing a mechanical keyboard, you’ll need to consider both the type of switch you want and the switch brand that suits your needs. Keep in mind that mechanical keyboards can be more expensive than regular keyboards, but they are worth the investment if you want a better typing experience.

Keycaps and keycap materials

When it comes to choosing a mechanical keyboard, one of the factors you’ll want to consider is the keycaps and their materials.

Keycaps are the pieces on top of the keyboard that you press down to type. They come in different shapes and sizes, and they can be made from various materials. Here are some of the most common keycap materials:

  1. ABS: ABS stands for Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene, which is a type of plastic. ABS keycaps are relatively cheap and easy to produce, and they are commonly used on low-end keyboards.
  2. PBT: PBT stands for Polybutylene Terephthalate, which is another type of plastic. PBT keycaps are more durable than ABS keycaps and are less likely to become shiny or develop a greasy feel over time.
  3. Rubber: Some keycaps are made entirely from rubber, which can give them a soft, grippy feel. Rubber keycaps are commonly used on gaming keyboards, where users want a comfortable and responsive typing experience.
  4. Aluminium: Aluminium keycaps are made from solid metal, which makes them heavier and more durable than plastic keycaps. They also tend to have a sleek and modern look, which can be appealing to some users.
  5. Metal: Other types of metal, such as brass or stainless steel, can also be used to make keycaps. These materials tend to be more expensive and less common than aluminium, but they can give keycaps a unique and premium look.
  6. Resin: Resin is a type of plastic that can be molded into various shapes and colors. Resin keycaps are popular among enthusiasts who want to customize their keyboards with unique and eye-catching designs.

Overall, the choice of keycap material can affect the feel, durability, and appearance of a keyboard. Different users will have different preferences, so it’s important to consider these factors when choosing a keyboard or upgrading its keycaps.

Different manufacturers have developed their own keycap profiles, which refer to the shape and size of the keycaps.

Here are some common keycap profiles you might encounter:

  1. Cherry: This is one of the oldest and most common keycap profiles. Cherry keycaps have a cylindrical shape and a slightly curved top, which makes them comfortable to type on.
  2. OEM: This is a more modern keycap profile that is often used by manufacturers like Logitech and Razer. OEM keycaps have a similar shape to Cherry keycaps, but with a slightly wider surface area for typing.
  3. XDA: This is a low-profile keycap profile that has a flat top surface and a cylindrical stem. XDA keycaps are often used in custom mechanical keyboards and have a minimalistic look.
  4. DSA: This is another low-profile keycap profile that has a flat top surface and a spherical stem. DSA keycaps are popular in the mechanical keyboard community because they have a uniform profile that makes it easy to switch between keys.
  5. ASA: This is a keycap profile that was developed by a company called MiTo. ASA keycaps have a spherical shape and a larger surface area for typing, which makes them comfortable to use.
  6. SA: This is a high-profile keycap profile that has a curved top and a cylindrical stem. SA keycaps are popular in the mechanical keyboard community because they offer a unique typing experience and have a vintage look.
  7. MT3: This is a keycap profile that was developed by a company called Drop. MT3 keycaps have a curved top and a cylindrical stem, and are designed to be comfortable to type on for extended periods of time.

Overall, different keycap profiles can offer different typing experiences, and choosing the right one is a matter of personal preference.

Sizes and layouts

When it comes to mechanical keyboards, there are several different sizes and layouts to choose from:

  1. Full-Sized Keyboard: A full-sized keyboard is the most common type of mechanical keyboard. It includes all 104 keys including the number pad and function keys. It’s a great option for people who use their keyboard for work or gaming.
  2. 1800-Compact Keyboard: This keyboard is similar to a full-sized keyboard, but it has a slightly smaller footprint. It includes a number pad and some of the function keys, making it a good option for those who want the functionality of a full-sized keyboard in a smaller package.
  3. Tenkeyless Keyboard: A tenkeyless keyboard, also known as a TKL keyboard, is a keyboard that does not include the number pad. It’s a good option for people who have limited desk space or prefer a more compact setup.
  4. 75% Keyboard: A 75% keyboard is a keyboard that includes all the keys except the number pad and a few function keys. It’s a great option for people who want a more compact keyboard without sacrificing too much functionality.
  5. 65% Keyboard: A 65% keyboard is similar to a 75% keyboard, but it also eliminates the arrow keys and some of the other keys. It’s a good option for people who want a minimalist keyboard and are willing to sacrifice some functionality.
  6. 60% Keyboard: A 60% keyboard is a keyboard that includes only the alphanumeric keys and a few other essential keys. It’s a good option for people who want a minimalist keyboard with a small footprint.
  7. 40% Keyboard: A 40% keyboard is a keyboard that includes only the essential keys, such as the letters, numbers, and a few function keys. It’s a great option for people who want the smallest possible keyboard.
  8. Ortholinear Keyboard: An ortholinear keyboard is a keyboard that has a grid layout instead of a staggered layout. This type of keyboard is designed to reduce finger travel distance and improve typing speed.
  9. Split Keyboard: A split keyboard is a keyboard that is split into two or more sections. It’s designed to reduce strain on the hands and wrists and can be adjusted to fit the user’s needs.
  10. Ergonomic Keyboard: An ergonomic keyboard is a keyboard that is designed to reduce strain on the hands and wrists. It may have a split layout, a curved layout, or other features to improve ergonomics.

Customizing Your Mechanical Keyboard: Tips and Tricks

1. Customizing Your Keycaps

Royal Kludge RK61 with Pudding Keycaps

Customizing keycaps is a popular way to personalize your mechanical keyboard and make it unique to your style. There are several factors to consider when customizing your keycaps, including keycap materials, profile, color, pattern, and design.

  • Keycap Materials: Keycaps can be made from a variety of materials, including ABS plastic, PBT plastic, and metal. ABS plastic is the most common material and is known for its affordability and flexibility. PBT plastic is more durable and resistant to wear and tear, but it is more expensive than ABS. Metal keycaps, such as aluminum or brass, offer a premium look and feel but are the most expensive option.
  • Keycap Profile: The keycap profile refers to the shape of the keycap. There are several profiles to choose from, including OEM, Cherry, SA, and DSA. OEM and Cherry profiles are the most common, with OEM featuring a slightly curved surface and Cherry featuring a more pronounced curve. SA and DSA profiles are more unique and feature a taller, more sculpted design.
  • Color: Keycaps come in a wide range of colors, including solid colors, gradients, and transparent options. Choosing the right color is important, as it can affect the overall look and feel of your keyboard. Solid colors are the most common option and can be easily matched to your desk setup or room decor.
  • Pattern: Patterns can add an extra level of customization to your keycaps. Some popular patterns include carbon fiber, wood grain, and marble. Patterns can be a subtle addition to your keyboard, or they can be bold and eye-catching.
  • Design: Design is where you can really let your creativity shine. Keycaps can feature logos, symbols, or even custom artwork. Some popular designs include anime characters, video game logos, and minimalist typography. The design of your keycaps can be as simple or complex as you like, but it should reflect your personality and style.

In summary, customizing your keycaps is a great way to make your mechanical keyboard unique to you. Consider keycap materials, profile, color, pattern, and design when choosing the right customization options for your keyboard.

2. Modifying Your Switches

Lube The Switches

Modifying your switches is a popular way to improve your typing experience on a mechanical keyboard. There are several modifications that you can do, including switch lubrication, changing the spring, and switch modifications for sound.

Switch Lubrication: Switch lubrication involves adding lubricant to the switch mechanism to reduce friction and improve the feel of the switch. This modification can make your switches feel smoother and more consistent. There are several types of lubricants available, including silicone grease, Krytox, and TriboSys.

To lubricate your switches, you will need to open up the switch housing and apply a small amount of lubricant to the stem and housing. Be sure to apply the lubricant sparingly to avoid excess buildup, which can negatively affect switch performance.

Changing the Spring: Another modification that can be done to switches is changing the spring. Switch springs come in different weights, and changing the weight can alter the tactile feedback and actuation force of the switch. For example, a heavier spring will require more force to actuate, while a lighter spring will require less force.

To change the spring, you will need to open up the switch housing and remove the old spring. Then, insert the new spring and reassemble the switch. This modification can be more challenging than switch lubrication and requires some soldering skills.

Switch Modifications for Sound: Finally, switch modifications can also be done for sound. Mechanical keyboard enthusiasts often prefer a “thock” or “clack” sound when typing. Switch modifications for sound can alter the sound profile of the switch by changing the material of the switch stem, adding dampeners, or modifying the housing.

One popular switch modification for sound is adding O-rings to the switch stem, which dampen the sound of the switch bottoming out. Another modification is swapping the switch stem with a different material, such as a POM stem, which can produce a deeper sound.

In conclusion, modifying your switches can greatly improve your typing experience on a mechanical keyboard. Switch lubrication, changing the spring, and switch modifications for sound are all popular modifications that can be done with the right tools and skills. However, it’s important to be cautious when modifying switches and to proceed carefully to avoid damaging your keyboard.

3. Customizing the Stabilizers

Clip the Stabilizer Insert

Mechanical keyboards are highly popular among gamers, programmers, and writers due to their durability, comfort, and tactile feedback. However, even the best mechanical keyboards can suffer from a common problem: wobbling or unstable keys. This can be caused by several factors, including the switch type, keycap material, and stabilizer type. In this article, we will focus on stabilizers and how to customize them to improve your typing or gaming experience.

Stabilizers are components that help larger keys, such as the spacebar, enter, shift, and backspace, to stay level and reduce wobbling. They consist of a housing, a wire, and two or more stems that connect the keycap to the switch. There are two main types of stabilizers: plate-mounted and PCB-mounted. Plate-mounted stabilizers are attached to the keyboard plate and require the keycap to have two extra notches to fit. PCB-mounted stabilizers are attached to the PCB board and require the keycap to have only one notch. Some keyboards may have a combination of both types.

To customize your stabilizers, you need to consider the following factors:

  1. Lubrication: Stabilizers can produce a rattling or scratchy sound when pressed. This can be reduced by applying a thin layer of lubricant, such as Krytox or Super Lube, to the wire and housing. This will also make the stabilizers smoother and more responsive.
  2. Clipping: The stabilizer wire can be too long or uneven, causing one side of the keycap to be higher than the other. To fix this, you can clip the ends of the wire with wire cutters or nail clippers. Make sure to cut them evenly and not too short, or the stabilizer may become loose.
  3. Band-Aid Mod: This is a simple and cheap way to reduce the sound and wobbling of stabilizers. You need to place a small piece of adhesive band-aid or electrical tape on the PCB board where the stabilizer inserts. This will dampen the sound and vibration when the keycap is pressed.
  4. Spring Swap: Stabilizers use small springs to keep the wire in place. These springs can be replaced with stronger or softer ones, depending on your preference. You can use springs from other keyboards or buy them online.
  5. Stabilizer Replacement: If your stabilizers are too old or damaged, you can replace them with new ones. There are several aftermarket stabilizers available, such as GMK Screw-In, Zeal PC Plate-Mounted, and Durock V2 PCB-Mounted. Make sure to choose the correct type and size for your keyboard.

Customizing stabilizers can be a fun and rewarding experience. It can improve the feel and sound of your keyboard, and even enhance your typing or gaming performance. However, it requires some patience, skill, and knowledge. If you are not comfortable with DIY modifications, you can seek help from a professional or buy a keyboard with pre-customized stabilizers.

4. Customizing the Lighting

Rosewill NEON K90 RGB BR

Here are some ways to customize the lighting on your mechanical keyboard:

  1. RGB Lighting: Most modern mechanical keyboards come with RGB lighting that allows you to customize the colors of individual keys. This feature is often controlled through software that lets you choose from a wide range of colors, animations, and effects.
  2. LED Lighting: If your keyboard doesn’t have RGB lighting, you can still add some visual flair by installing LED lights. There are various types of LED lights available, including single-color, multi-color, and even addressable RGB LEDs that can be individually controlled.
  3. Keycaps: Another way to customize your mechanical keyboard’s lighting is by changing the keycaps. Some keycaps are designed with translucent or transparent plastic that allows the backlighting to shine through, creating a unique effect.
  4. Underglow Lighting: Many custom mechanical keyboards also feature underglow lighting, which illuminates the space underneath the keyboard. This effect can be especially striking when combined with a clear acrylic case.
  5. DIY: If you’re feeling adventurous, you can even build your own custom mechanical keyboard and customize the lighting to your heart’s content. There are many DIY kits and tutorials available online that can guide you through the process.

In summary, customizing the lighting on your mechanical keyboard can be a fun and creative way to personalize your setup. From RGB and LED lighting to keycaps and underglow, there are plenty of options to explore.

5. Customizing the PCB

How to Fix broken RGB on PCB Mechanical keyboard

A printed circuit board (PCB) is an essential component of a mechanical keyboard. It’s a board that connects all the electronic components of the keyboard, such as switches, diodes, and microcontrollers, to make them function together.

Customizing a PCB for a mechanical keyboard involves designing a PCB that meets your specific requirements. There are several ways to customize a PCB, including:

  1. Layout design: This involves designing the placement of the components on the PCB. The layout design can vary depending on the number of keys, switch type, and desired aesthetics.
  2. Circuit design: The circuit design refers to the connections between the components on the PCB. It’s important to ensure that all the components are properly connected and that there are no errors in the circuit design.
  3. Firmware customization: The firmware is the software that runs on the keyboard’s microcontroller. Customizing the firmware allows you to program the keyboard to perform specific functions and create custom key mappings.
  4. Lighting customization: Many mechanical keyboards feature RGB lighting. Customizing the lighting involves designing the PCB to support the desired lighting effects and programming the firmware to control the lighting.

To customize a PCB for a mechanical keyboard, you will need to have some experience with electronics and PCB design. You can use software tools like KiCad or Eagle to design the PCB and firmware, and then have the PCB manufactured by a PCB manufacturer. Alternatively, you can purchase a pre-made PCB and modify it to meet your requirements.

Overall, customizing a PCB for a mechanical keyboard can be a fun and rewarding project, allowing you to create a keyboard that is tailored to your specific needs and preferences.

6. Customizing the Cable

Customizing the cable for a mechanical keyboard is a great way to add some personal flair to your setup. In addition to being aesthetically pleasing, a custom cable can also enhance the functionality of your keyboard.

One of the main benefits of a custom cable is the ability to choose from a wide variety of colors, patterns, and materials. Paracord and nylon are popular materials due to their durability and flexibility. They are also available in different colors, allowing you to create a cable that matches your keyboard or adds a pop of color to your setup.

Another benefit of a custom cable is the ability to choose the connector type. USB-C is becoming increasingly popular due to its fast data transfer speeds and reversible design, while Mini-USB is still commonly used. Choosing the right connector type for your keyboard can help ensure a reliable connection and improve overall performance.

Finally, some custom cables have a coiled design that can improve functionality and reduce clutter on your desk. The coiled design allows for more flexibility, making it easier to move your keyboard around without the cable getting in the way. Additionally, the coiled design can help prevent tangling and keep your desk looking neat and tidy.

Overall, customizing the cable for your mechanical keyboard is a great way to add some personality and improve functionality. With so many options available, you can create a cable that perfectly matches your setup and meets your needs.

7. Customizing the Macros


Macros are a set of keystrokes that are programmed to be executed by pressing a single key or button. They are commonly used in gaming, productivity, or any other tasks that involve repetitive keystrokes. Mechanical keyboards are popular for their tactile feedback and customizable features, including the ability to program macros.

To create a macro on a mechanical keyboard, you will need to use the keyboard’s software. The first step is to open the software and navigate to the macro programming section. Once there, you can select the specific key or button that you want to assign the macro to.

Next, you will need to program the keystrokes that make up the macro sequence. This can be done by typing out the desired keystrokes or by recording a series of keystrokes as you perform the task you want to automate. It is important to test the macro to ensure that it works as intended before saving it.

Macros can be especially helpful for gaming, where they can be used to perform complex actions with a single keypress. They can also be used for productivity, such as automating repetitive tasks like filling out forms or entering long strings of text.

In summary, macros can be customized on mechanical keyboards by using the keyboard’s software. To create a macro, you need to assign a key or button and program a sequence of keystrokes. Macros can be useful for gaming and productivity tasks that require repetitive keystrokes.

8. Add Dampening to Mechanical Keyboard

Adding Dampening Foam Into the Keyboard Case

Mechanical keyboards are designed to provide tactile feedback and a satisfying typing experience. However, some people find that the noise produced by the switches can be too loud or distracting. This is where dampening comes in.

To add dampening to a mechanical keyboard, there are two main methods you can use: adding o-rings and adding foam.

Adding O-Rings:

O-rings are small rubber rings that can be placed around the stem of each keycap to dampen the sound of the key hitting the switch. To add o-rings to your keyboard, follow these steps:

  1. Purchase o-rings that are compatible with your keyboard’s switch type. Make sure you get the right size and thickness for your keyboard.
  2. Remove the keycaps from your keyboard.
  3. Place an o-ring around the stem of each keycap.
  4. Reinstall the keycaps.

Adding Dampening Foam Inside the Case:

Dampening foam is a material that can be placed inside the case of your keyboard to absorb sound and vibration. To add foam to your keyboard, follow these steps:

  1. Purchase foam that is compatible with your keyboard’s case. Make sure you get the right size and thickness for your keyboard.
  2. Remove the case from your keyboard.
  3. Cut the foam to fit inside the case.
  4. Place the foam inside the case, making sure it covers as much of the internal surface as possible.
  5. Reinstall the case.

By following these steps, you should be able to successfully add dampening to your mechanical keyboard, which will result in a quieter and more pleasant typing experience.

Building Your Own Mechanical Keyboard

Building your own mechanical keyboard is a rewarding and fun project that can provide numerous benefits over buying a pre-built one. In this article, we’ll go over the benefits of building your own keyboard, how to choose the right components, and provide step-by-step instructions for building your own keyboard.

Benefits of building your own keyboard:

  1. Customization: Building your own keyboard allows you to customize it to your exact preferences. From the switches to the keycaps, you can choose each component to suit your needs and style.
  2. Quality: Pre-built keyboards may use low-quality components that can wear out quickly or not perform well. By building your own keyboard, you can choose high-quality components that will last longer and provide a better typing experience.
  3. Learning: Building your own keyboard is a great way to learn about how keyboards work and how to troubleshoot issues. It can also be a great introduction to electronics and programming.

Choosing the right components:

  1. Switches: Switches are the most important component of a mechanical keyboard, and there are many different types to choose from. Some popular options include Cherry MX, Gateron, and Kailh switches. It’s important to choose switches that match your typing preferences, whether that’s a tactile bump, a smooth linear feel, or a clicky sound.
  2. Keycaps: Keycaps come in many different materials, colors, and designs. Choose keycaps that fit your style and typing needs. Some keycaps are made from PBT, ABS, or even metal, while others have custom designs or backlighting.
  3. PCB: The PCB (printed circuit board) is the backbone of the keyboard and connects all the components. Look for a PCB that is compatible with the switches you choose and has the right number of keys for your layout.
  4. Case: The case is the outer shell of the keyboard and can be made from plastic, metal, or wood. Choose a case that fits your style and matches the layout of your PCB.

Step-by-step instructions for building your own keyboard:

  1. Gather your components: Once you’ve chosen your switches, keycaps, PCB, and case, gather all the necessary components.
  2. Solder the switches: Solder the switches onto the PCB. Be sure to solder each switch correctly and test each switch before moving on to the next.
  3. Install stabilizers: Install stabilizers for larger keys like the spacebar, enter, and shift keys.
  4. Install keycaps: Install the keycaps onto the switches.
  5. Assemble the case: Assemble the case by following the manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure to install any necessary screws or standoffs.
  6. Install the PCB: Install the PCB into the case and connect any necessary cables or connectors.
  7. Test the keyboard: Test the keyboard to make sure all the keys work properly.
  8. Customize the firmware: If desired, customize the firmware of the keyboard using software like QMK or VIA.
  9. Enjoy your new keyboard: Congratulations, you’ve built your own mechanical keyboard! Enjoy typing on your new creation.

In conclusion, building your own mechanical keyboard is a fun and rewarding project that can provide numerous benefits over buying a pre-built one. By choosing the right components and following these step-by-step instructions, you can build a keyboard that is customized to your exact preferences and provides a great typing experience.


In conclusion, customizing your mechanical keyboard can be a fun and rewarding experience. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned keyboard enthusiast, there are many ways to make your keyboard truly your own. By customizing your keycaps, modifying your switches, customizing the stabilizers, lighting, PCB, cable, and macros, you can create a personalized keyboard that matches your style and needs.

If you’re just starting, consider customizing your keycaps first. This is a relatively easy and inexpensive way to give your keyboard a unique look. You can also experiment with different switch types to find the perfect feel for your typing style. Customizing the stabilizers can also help improve the feel of your keyboard and reduce any rattle or wobble.

For those who are more advanced, customizing the lighting, PCB, cable, and macros can provide even more options for personalization. With lighting, you can create a keyboard that matches your setup or mood. Customizing the PCB allows you to create a layout that works best for your typing needs. And adding macros can improve your productivity and make your keyboard even more efficient.

Lastly, if you’re looking to reduce the noise of your keyboard, consider adding dampening materials to the switches, stabilizers, or case. This can help reduce the sound of your keystrokes and make your keyboard more pleasant to use in public settings.

Overall, the possibilities for customizing your mechanical keyboard are endless. Whether you want to create a keyboard that’s stylish, ergonomic, or efficient, there are many tips and tricks that can help you achieve your goals. So go ahead and start customizing – you never know where it might take you!


What is a mechanical keyboard, and how is it different from a regular keyboard?

A mechanical keyboard uses individual mechanical switches for each key, which provide a tactile and audible feedback when pressed. They are typically more durable and offer a better typing experience than regular keyboards.

Can I customize the keycaps on my mechanical keyboard?

Yes, you can customize the keycaps on your mechanical keyboard. There are many options available, including different materials, colors, and designs.

How do I remove the keycaps from my mechanical keyboard?

To remove the keycaps, gently pull up on them from the bottom edge. You can use a keycap puller tool to make the process easier and avoid damaging the keys or switches.

Can I change the switches on my mechanical keyboard?

Yes, you can change the switches on your mechanical keyboard. However, this process can be more difficult than changing keycaps and may require some technical knowledge and equipment.

What are some popular types of switches for mechanical keyboards?

Some popular types of switches for mechanical keyboards include Cherry MX switches, Kailh switches, and Gateron switches. Each type has different characteristics, such as actuation force, tactile feedback, and noise level.

How can I make my mechanical keyboard more ergonomic?

There are several ways to make your mechanical keyboard more ergonomic, such as using a wrist rest, adjusting the height and angle of the keyboard, and using a split or ergonomic keyboard design.

Can I add RGB lighting to my mechanical keyboard?

Yes, many mechanical keyboards come with RGB lighting, and you can also add RGB lighting to your keyboard with custom keycaps or LED strips.

What tools do I need to customize my mechanical keyboard?

To customize your mechanical keyboard, you may need tools such as a keycap puller, switch puller, soldering iron, and screwdriver. The tools required will depend on the level of customization you want to do.

What are keycaps?

Keycaps are the plastic pieces that cover each individual key on your keyboard. Customizing your keycaps can be a fun way to add a personal touch to your keyboard.

What does modifying my switches mean?

Switches are the mechanical components underneath each key that register when you press them. Modifying your switches can involve lubricating them for a smoother feel, changing the spring inside for a different level of resistance, or even swapping them out entirely for a different type of switch.

What are stabilizers?

Stabilizers are components that help larger keys like the spacebar or shift key remain level and stable when you press them. Customizing your stabilizers can make them feel smoother and reduce rattle or wobble.

What is keyboard lighting?

Many mechanical keyboards have LED lighting underneath the keycaps that can be customized to different colors or effects. Customizing your keyboard lighting can add a cool visual element to your setup.

What is a PCB?

A PCB, or printed circuit board, is the electronic component inside your keyboard that connects all the switches and other components to your computer. Customizing your PCB can involve programming macros or changing the layout of your keyboard.

What is a keyboard cable?

Your keyboard cable is the cord that connects your keyboard to your computer. Customizing your cable can involve replacing it with a different color or patterned cable for a more unique look.

What are macros?

Macros are customizable shortcuts that you can program to perform specific functions or keystrokes. Customizing your macros can make certain tasks or shortcuts more efficient.

What is dampening?

Dampening involves adding foam or other materials inside your keyboard case to reduce the sound of keypresses and make your keyboard feel more solid. Customizing your keyboard with dampening can make it quieter and more satisfying to type on.


  • Kizaru

    Meet Kizaru, the founder and expert behind, a niche blog focused on mechanical keyboards, gaming and tech. With a passion for all things mechanical keyboard, Kizaru brings a wealth of knowledge to his readers, covering topics ranging from switch types and keycaps to build guides and customizations.

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